• Complete view of GHG emissions associated with the production of nickel to first saleable product including mixed hydroxide, mixed sulphide, NPI, ferronickel and Class 1 nickel
  • Data is presented from the mine or plant perspective in the production of nickel. Nickel production and emission data can be shown by mine, company or country
  • Like-for-like comparison of assets through carefully defined supply chain system boundaries 
  • Allocation of emissions by company, according to equity ownership of mine assets. 
  • Physical production parameters are presented, including ore mined, heap leached and/or milled, ore grades, strip ratios and by-product metal production
  • Includes emissions for minority shareholdings which are often excluded in company Sustainability Reports

Emission data is presented as total tonnes of CO2e and tonnes of CO2e per tonne of nickel equivalent in finished saleable product

For nickel E0 and E1 emissions are defined as:

E0: Scope 1 and 2 emissions at mine, smelter or refinery site.

E1: E0 plus emissions from intermediate product freight and downstream processing.

Skarn Associates is the market leader in quantifying and benchmarking asset-level ESG metrics.