• Complete view of emissions associated with the production of cobalt to first saleable product, including briquettes, cathodes, cobalt hydroxides, cobalt in matte, powders etc
  • Cobalt production and emission data by mine, company or country
  • Data presented from the mine or plant perspective
  • Like for like comparison of assets through carefully defined supply chain system boundaries
  • Allocation of emissions by company, according to equity ownership of assets
  • Currently excludes cobalt production from artisanal sources notably from the DR Congo

Skarn's cobalt analysis covers E0 CO2 equivalent (CO2e) emissions

Emission data presents both total tonnes of CO2e and emissions intensity metrics stated as tonnes of CO2e per tonne of cobalt equivalent in finished saleable product.

Skarn Associates is the market leader in quantifying and benchmarking asset-level ESG metrics.