Metals and Mining - ESG Research

Our mission is to create forward-looking research connecting mineral economics, environmental and social impacts, and the transition to a zero-carbon economy.

We currently offer mine-by-mine Carbon Emission Curves for copper, nickel, iron ore (seaborne) and metallurgical coal (seaborne), as referenced in BHP’s 2020 Climate Change Presentation. Our analysis of these commodities covers global mine production excluding China.

This analysis quantifies carbon emissions along the supply chain at a granular (asset) level. We have defined supply chain system boundaries to facilitate like-for-like comparison of assets - essentially we cover emissions from mining activities, ore processing, transport and downstream processing, up to the first-use entry point.

Corporate ESG

We will be publishing additional ground-breaking mine-by-mine and company-by-company ESG research commencing Q4 2020 (Contact us for more information).

Decarbonisation of the global economy will require significant growth in production of copper, nickel, cobalt, lithium and other metals. The challenge facing mining companies is to meet this demand while reducing their environmental and social impacts. ESG impacts are becoming critical components of investment risk assessment.

Skarn Associates' objective is to independently quantify and forecast these impacts, based on a deep understanding of resource geology, engineering issues, and the intersection of mineral and environmental economics. Our approach to forecasting ESG impacts follows these principles:

  • Understand the assets: resources, production schedules, mining and process methods.

  • Benchmark key drivers: energy intensity, sources of energy, water consumption, land use.

  • Forecast ESG impacts - for instance, GHG emissions, based on projected operating rates, changes in energy intensity and energy source. The result is unique forward-looking and bottom-up ESG research, tailored to the requirements of fund managers, project financiers, mining companies, manufacturers (end-users of metal) and governments.

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ESG insights launching October 2020

GHG Curves

GHG Emission Intensity Curves

Carbon intensity curves by mine for copper, gold, nickel, iron ore and metallurgical coal

Corporate ESG

Corporate Mining - ESG

Compare mining companies' key ESG metrics - launching Q4 2020

Gold Mine ESG

Gold Mine - ESG

Forward-looking mine-by-mine analysis; reconciling ESG impacts with underlying technical drivers - launching Q4 2020

Copper Mine ESG Benchmarking Tool

Copper Mine - ESG

Forward-looking mine-by-mine analysis; reconciling ESG impacts with underlying technical drivers - launching Q4 2020