Metals and Mining - ESG Research

Our mission is to create forward-looking research connecting mineral economics, environmental and social impacts, and the transition to a zero-carbon economy.

We currently offer mine-by-mine GHG Emission Intensity Curves for cobalt, copper, nickel, iron ore (seaborne), gold, alumina-aluminium-bauxite, metallurgical coal (seaborne) and zinc.

This analysis quantifies GHG emissions along the supply chain at a granular (asset) level. We have defined supply chain system boundaries to facilitate like-for-like comparison of assets - essentially we cover emissions from mining activities, ore processing, transport and downstream processing, up to the first-use entry point. Our analysis of these commodities covers global mine production excluding China.

Corporate ESG

Decarbonisation of the global economy will require significant growth in production of copper, nickel, cobalt, lithium and other metals. The challenge facing mining companies is to meet this demand while reducing their environmental and social impacts. ESG impacts are becoming critical components of investment risk assessment.

Skarn Associates' objective is to independently quantify and forecast these impacts, based on a deep understanding of resource geology, engineering issues, and the intersection of mineral and environmental economics. Our approach to forecasting ESG impacts follows these principles:

  • Understand the assets: resources, production schedules, mining and process methods.

  • Benchmark key drivers: energy intensity, sources of energy, water consumption, land use.

  • Forecast ESG impacts - for instance, GHG emissions, based on projected operating rates, changes in energy intensity and energy source. The result is unique forward-looking and bottom-up ESG research, tailored to the requirements of fund managers, project financiers, mining companies, manufacturers (end-users of metal) and governments.

Read more about us (Contact us for more information).

Explore our products

Our Reports

Reports & News

Showcasing our latest ESG bulletins, presentations and white papers

GHG Curves

GHG Emission Intensity Curves

Carbon intensity curves by mine for copper, aluminium, gold, nickel, zinc, iron ore and metallurgical coal

Corporate ESG

Corporate ESG

Compare mining companies' key ESG metrics - launching Q3 2021

Gold Mine ESG

Gold ESG

Forward-looking asset-by-asset analysis; reconciling ESG impacts with underlying technical drivers - launching Q3 2021

Copper Mine ESG Benchmarking Tool

Copper ESG

Forward-looking asset-by-asset analysis; reconciling ESG impacts with underlying technical drivers - launching Q3 2021