Below are FAQs regarding Skarn’s analysis of GHG emissions for copper, gold, nickel, iron ore and metallurgical coal. Please contact us to request a demo of our products, or if you have further questions.

Do you have emission intensity curves?

We offer emission intensity curves for copper, gold, nickel, iron ore and metallurgical coal. We include emissions up to first end-use for each commodity, which is explained in further detail in our methodology document. Reported emissions are fully reconciled by asset and by the underlying consumption of combustibles and electricity, which allows for modelling of future emissions driven by production fundamentals.

Do you include Scope 3 in your analysis?

We include emissions from freight and downstream processing to take the commodity in question to first saleable product. Please refer to our methodology for more detail.

How frequently is your data updated?

We provide biennial updates for GHG emissions data and curves – October and April to coincide with the release of sustainability reports for companies with June and December fiscal year-ends, respectively.

Do you do abatement curves?

Our carbon abatement curve generator is currently in development with release scheduled for Q1 2021. However this timeline is subject to commercial demand and can be brought forward. Please contact us with your requirements and we will do our best to accommodate.

Do you forecast emissions for future years?

Skarn is developing mine level ESG models which allows for forecasting of emissions and water usage out to 2050. The model and accompanying profiles are scheduled for release in Q4 2020. Please contact us to arrange a preview.

Do you track company reduction targets for emissions?

Monitoring company guidance and reduction targets is a key component of Skarn’s analysis and is built into future year forecasts both on an asset level and on a corporate level. Our forecasts take into account committed projects, but exclude non-committed projects. Reduction forecasts are based on company guidance as well as a bottom-up modelling based on reported project scope.

How does Skarn’s analysis relate to reported Scope 1 & 2?

Skarn’s analysis incorporates company’s reported emissions for Scope 1 and 2, and take into account asset / region-specific emission intensities for transport and third party power providers.

Where the company reports divisional totals, this is broken down into asset level emissions based on production fundamentals and consumption of electricity and combustibles.

For certain assets, Skarn overrides the reported Scope 1 & 2 emissions if reported data are proven to double count or exclude key components such as fugitive emissions.

How does Skarn’s analysis relate to ESG risk ratings?

Skarn does not provide ESG risk ratings, or any other index-based ranking. Our analysis is empirical and we provide benchmarking capabilities for assets and companies.